The hottest woodblock watermark market is popular

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At the 38th auction of books and Periodicals Collected by the public in China bookstores in early 2007, a volume of Qi Baishi's paintings by rongbaozhai woodblock watermark in 1952 sold for 45000 yuan; Just the day before yesterday, at the Spring Festival auction of Zhongan Taiping in Beijing, 10 volumes of wood block watermark "flowers bloom" 40 years ago were sold for 99000 yuan. What is more amazing is that the company launched a group of 10 contemporary woodblock watermark prints in autumn 2006, with 9 transactions, of which "Han Xizai's night banquet" was sold at a high price of 160000 yuan. Such a price is better than some rare copies of Ming and Qing Dynasties in the auction market. It can be said that woodblock watermark calligraphy and painting has become a new favorite for collection and investment

traditional technology continues to develop

what is woodblock watermark? It is a popular name for modern materials, which also includes polymers naturally existing in bones and other materials. Asians prefer to use hair wax and other products. The name is ancient color engraving printing, which is developed on the basis of the technology of engraving and embossing invented by Hu Zhengyan in the Ming Dynasty. According to the handwriting of the painting and the depth and intensity of the color setting, this technology is described respectively, carved into several plates, and then compared with the original, from deep to shallow, overprint in turn. Feng Pengsheng believed in the outline of Chinese woodblock watermark that the woodblock watermark is named because it is carved and printed by hand, and the various colors used are mixed with water, rather than the inks of various colors used in machine printing. It was named by rongbaozhai. Although it is not exact, it has been used by convention until now. In 2006, the woodblock watermarking technique declared by Beijing rongbaozhai was selected into the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list

according to insiders, in 1896, rongbaozhai set up a rongbaozhai paste reproduction organization to create a woodblock watermark business, so it can match the different materials tested. At the beginning, only some stationery and poetry stationery for literati to write letters and poems were printed. The most famous works are Beiping manuscript and shizhuzhai manuscript, which were printed by Lu Xun and Zheng Zhenduo in the 1930s. The former only printed 200 copies, while the latter reproduced 300 copies. After liberation, rongbaozhai developed from printing large scale poetry notes to reproducing large-scale paintings. Famous works include "galloping horse", "hairpin flower maid", "stepping song", "flowers bloom", etc. Among these reproductions, the most famous is the "Han Xizai's banquet painting" by Gu Hongzhong of the Five Dynasties, which was planned by Rong Baozhai in 1959 and completed in 1979. It took eight years to make, carved 1667 wood blocks, overprinted more than 6000 times, and used the same materials and precious pigments as the original painting, marking the peak of the development of block printing. It only printed 30 copies

Shanghai duoyunxuan and Tianjin Yangliuqing also used woodblock watermarking technology to copy calligraphy and painting works. For example, duo Yunxuan copied "Luoxuan becomes ancient manuscript" in 1981, and the antique copy was completely printed according to the collection of Shanghai Museum, only 300 copies were printed. However, the scale of Tianjin and Shanghai is not as large as rongbaozhai

the market is popular and the prospect is promising

after the reform and opening up, the ancient book market was opened, and woodblock watermark calligraphy and painting works appeared at the auction. Liu Jianzhang, manager of the ancient books Department of the Haiwang village auction company of the China Bookstore, cited the price of the auction over the years as an example of the "ten bamboo Zhai notes" copied by Rong Baozhai in 1952. The transaction price of shizhuzhai notes was 12000 yuan in 1998; In 2002, 8000 yuan; Spring shooting and autumn shooting in 2005, 9500 yuan; Spring auction in 2006, 16000 yuan; Autumn auction in 2006, 40000 yuan. Pengzhenyao, general manager of the company, said that at the beginning, people's understanding of it was not clear, so the price was not high. Now, more and more people know this kind of technology, especially after it is listed on the national intangible cultural heritage list, people know more. In addition, the number of technicians is decreasing, which is in danger of being lost, so it has attracted much attention. In addition, Ming and Qing printmaking was popular, and the price of copied printmaking works naturally rose with the wind

Zhang Zongxiang, the owner of xiuwenzhai, who began collecting ancient books 20 years ago, explained the reason why woodblock watermark calligraphy and painting works are popular: precision and less! The market demand is generated by the combination of high quality and well-documented quantity that can be confused. Another reason is that the market for modern calligraphy and painting, which began in 2006, has declined, and ancient calligraphy and painting have outstripped others. When it is impossible to buy ancient calligraphy and paintings, some buyers begin to buy replicas. Moreover, it can improve the appreciation level of collectors and can be used for comparison and equivalence

auction of ancient books. There are fewer and fewer fine engravings of old auction sections such as song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, and the exploitable potential is relatively small, prompting auction companies to develop new projects. The new project must have several conditions: it has artistic value, cultural relics value and a certain amount of survival, and the possibility of continuous replication is small. The ancient books and documents Department of Beijing Zhongan Taiping International Auction Co., Ltd. is responsible for revelation 3: Liu Yu, the salesperson "tall and tall", analyzed the deep-seated reasons from the perspective of the auction industry. He said that woodblock watermark has these conditions. There is no doubt about the value of art and cultural relics. Some of the copied paintings can't even be seen by the painter himself. From the beginning of the last century to around 1980, woodblock watermark calligraphy and painting works have a certain amount of survival, because too little or too much are not collectable. Although woodblock watermarking continues to be produced, it is difficult to reach the level of that year in terms of technology and raw materials. Liu Yu said, first of all, this is a very complex handicraft, especially the humidity when making, which is difficult to master. Secondly, from the perspective of raw materials, some mineral pigments, old paper and old silk were used in the past. Now because of the cost, most of them are replaced by ordinary traditional Chinese painting pigments. Among the woodblock watermark works, such as "Song Wenzhi Pisces", "Han Xizai's night banquet", "WUGUANZHONG Jiangnan waterblock", "Wang Zhi flowers and birds", "Xiao Lang flowers bloom", "Guanshan moon Shuangqing map", "Luoxuan becomes an ancient manuscript", these top boutiques will definitely drive the collection and investment market of this variety after they are sold at a high price. At present, some buyers have begun to pursue it. Like many insiders, he is very optimistic about the market prospect of woodblock watermark calligraphy and painting

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