Public enterprises have their own demands after th

2022-09-19
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The effect of the plastic restriction order has decreased over the past ten years. Public enterprises have their own demands

release date: Source: Zhongsu number of Views: 3522 copyright and disclaimer

core tip: on the e-commerce platform jd.com, many consumers are very interested in clothes hangers sold in a "green renewable products Museum". It is made of 100% recycled plastic. Although its frame is a little fragile, consumers still "buy". A customer left a message saying, "every time I hang clothes, I will be gentle; I forgive its defects, because it is a clothes hanger with a story."

[China Packaging News] on the e-commerce platform jd.com, many consumers are very interested in clothes hangers sold in a "green recycled products Gallery". It is made of 100% recycled plastic. Although its frame is a little fragile, consumers still "buy". A customer left a message saying, "every time I hang clothes, I will be gentle; I forgive its defects, because it is a clothes hanger with a story."

plastic is something that every one of us will touch in life. Its advantages are outstanding, but the pollution caused by random discarding is also very serious. In order to reduce plastic pollution, more and more recycled plastic products are entering public life

in China, the large-scale "plastic restriction" can be traced back to the implementation of the "Notice of the general office of the State Council on restricting the production and sale of plastic shopping bags" (hereinafter referred to as the "plastic restriction order") 10 years ago. In the past 10 years, the use of plastic packaging has experienced a roller coaster change: at the initial stage of implementation, the "plastic restriction order" played an important role in restricting the use of plastic bags and curbing white pollution. However, with the gradual popularity of express delivery, takeout and other industries, the effect of "plastic restriction order" began to weaken gradually. A survey report shows that the implementation of the "plastic restriction order" in both online and offline retail places is not optimistic

at present, relevant national departments are studying and adjusting the "plastic restriction order". In July this year, the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste (Revised Draft) (Draft for comments) officially solicited public opinions. The production, sale, use and recycling of plastics, including plastic bags, are expected to achieve a legal basis

then, how should the "plastic limit order" be adjusted next? How to respond to the different demands of the public, environmental protection organizations, plastic recycling enterprises and other parties? Conducted an interview

the implementation of the "plastic restriction order" encountered new situations

the main contents of the "plastic restriction order" issued 10 years ago include two aspects: first, the production, sale and use of plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.025 mm are prohibited nationwide. Second, all supermarkets, shopping malls, bazaars and other commodity retail places are not allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags

how effective has the "plastic restriction order" been implemented in the past 10 years? The answer to this question needs to be divided into two time periods. In the early stage of implementation, the effect of "plastic restriction order" is very obvious. According to the "main results since the implementation of the" plastic restriction order "released by the national development and Reform Commission in 2013, from 2008 to 2013, the use of plastic shopping bags in supermarkets and shopping malls generally decreased by more than 2/3, and the use of plastic shopping bags in major commodity retail places nationwide decreased by 67billion, reducing plastic consumption by 1million tons

however, in recent years, with the weakening of the implementation of the "plastic restriction order" in shopping malls and other places, and the rise of "large" plastic users such as express delivery and takeout, the effect of the "plastic restriction order" has gradually weakened

not long ago, the social organization zero waste alliance released the "tenth anniversary of the plastic restriction order - survey report on the implementation of businesses" (hereinafter referred to as the "report"). According to the report, 78% of the 1101 offline retail places surveyed in Beijing, Shenzhen and other nine places provided non-conforming plastic bags, of which only 89 met the three requirements of complete logo, qualified thickness and charging at the same time. Except for large supermarkets and national chain convenience stores, about 90% of other types of stores have not implemented the requirements of the plastic restriction order on charges

"there are problems in the price and method of plastic bag charging." Xie Xinyuan, the relevant person in charge of the zero waste alliance, said in an interview that at present, the price of plastic bags is between 0.2 yuan and 0.5 yuan, and consumers have no burden when buying; Many businesses sell plastic bags at increased prices by themselves, and the benefits gained are also owned by businesses, resulting in the "plastic restriction order" being criticized by some media as the "plastic sales order". Some businesses are also willing to provide free plastic bags for fear of losing customers

at the same time, the proliferation of disposable plastic substitutes is also an important reason for the weakening of the effect of the "plastic restriction order". The report shows that 45% of the supermarkets surveyed provide flat bags, sealed bags, fresh-keeping films and other plastic films. Large supermarkets and national chain convenience stores are the main places to provide these plastic films free of charge. Xie Xinyuan said that this means that the total amount of plastic waste is not necessarily reduced, but may increase. In the downstream industry, the trend of "replacing wood with plastic" and "replacing steel with plastic" is becoming more and more obvious

this phenomenon is also reflected in some areas where plastic is prohibited in China. A recent survey conducted by a non-governmental environmental protection organization on a plastic ban area in China shows that the ban on the provision of plastic shopping bags by merchants is strictly enforced in this area. At the same time, some businesses began to provide low-quality non-woven bags for free, and consumers often discard them after using them once. The head of the environmental protection organization believes that the pollution problem has not been completely solved because the non-woven fabric material is polypropylene, which is also a kind of plastic in essence

Wang Yonggang, vice president and Secretary General of the recycled plastics branch of the China Association for material recycling, said that in general, the main role of the "plastic restriction order" is to reduce the use of plastic bags. Since its implementation, some plastic bags with poor quality and too thin thickness and disposable packaging have been controlled from the source. The quality of plastic bags has improved, and the "white pollution" treatment effect is also very significant. However, in recent years, the plastic consumption in takeout and express delivery industries has been increasing, "this is not only related to the rapid growth of the industry, but also related to the difficulty of changing people's consumption habits and recycling."

the progress of recycling research and development is slow

from people's intuitive experience, plastic waste, especially disposable plastic waste, has an increasing trend. It is difficult for consumers to change their habits and manufacturers have low production costs. These two factors have promoted the gradual formation of one-time consumption culture. Affected by this, when the problem of one-time packaging in fresh food, catering and other industries has not been solved, new business forms such as shopping and takeout have joined the "plastic army", resulting in huge pressure on the garbage removal and disposal system

the impact of garbage caused by excessive use of plastic products is obvious. First of all, this is a huge consumption of resources. Data show that half of the plastic waste produced in China is disposable plastic waste, which is roughly equivalent to the amount of synthetic resin imported for plastic production every year

secondly, the environmental health risks associated with plastic waste should not be ignored. Zhufenfen, an associate professor of the school of environment of Renmin University of China, said in an interview that China has not yet used low-cost 100% degradable plastics, and the so-called degradability is also limited to a certain range. Plastic particles that cannot be found visually still exist in nature, and the degradation rate is very slow

Mao Da, a doctor from Beijing University of technology, said that if the public fails to put plastic garbage accurately, and the city lacks a separate recycling and treatment system to mix plastic with other garbage, degradable plastic bags will still not be effectively degraded

what about the effective recycling of plastics

it is understood that at present, the main sources of waste plastic recycling in China are factories and the public. After recycling, recycled plastics enterprises first carry out pretreatment such as cleaning, and then process waste plastics by physical or chemical methods such as melting granulation and modification to obtain new plastic raw materials and reuse plastics. However, in recent years, recycled plastic enterprises have made slow progress in the research and development of environmentally friendly plastics with lower costs and recycling

"this is mainly related to the increase of production costs of enterprises." According to Wang Yonggang's analysis, with the global economic adjustment, the tax pressure, environmental protection costs, management costs, labor costs and other costs of recycled plastic enterprises continue to increase, devouring the profit space of enterprises

take the tax burden as an example. According to him, the average annual turnover tax and additional tax burden of a recycled plastic utilization enterprise is 9.02%, much higher than the average value of domestic industrial enterprises of 4.5%. At the same time, due to the cancellation of the purchase invoice of waste materials, the reusable waste plastic materials obtained by enterprises from individuals, families and scavengers cannot be issued with corresponding tax invoices, which increases the value-added tax paid by enterprises and makes it difficult to enjoy the preferential treatment of enterprise income tax

in addition, due to the incomplete and nonstandard plastic recycling system in China, some waste plastics have gone to small workshops and black workshops without environmental protection qualifications. Wang Yonggang said that because the recycling price of waste plastics is far lower than that of small workshops, many regular enterprises lack competitive strength in recycling

"I would like to emphasize that the recycling and utilization of waste plastics is a process of low pollution emission, low consumption and high efficiency, and undertakes the task of reducing and reusing a large number of waste plastics for the whole society. After more than 40 years of development, China has formed a complete industrial chain of recycling and reuse of recycled plastics, and many fields are leading internationally. We should reverse the traditional concept, pay more attention to this industry and pay more attention to policies Tilt. " Wang Yonggang said that in the future, the experimental objects of the experimental machine will be expanded from materials and parts to complete machines, complete vehicles, systems, major facilities and various engineering projects

the whole chain should work together

the "clothes hanger with a story" mentioned at the beginning of the article is a Chinese material (2) barrel: it is an attempt to cooperate with jd.com and the recycled plastic branch of 1 metal seamless tube recycling association. This "green recycled products hall" not only sells green recycled clothes hangers, but also carpets, garbage cans, storage boxes, shopping bags, etc. Wang Yonggang said that the purpose of this move is to arouse people's awareness of plastic recycling and recycling, and enhance the enthusiasm of relevant enterprises in product research and development and production

if the plastic problem is compared to a river, the realization of Heqinghaiyan requires the joint efforts of the whole chain

Wang Yonggang believes that from the recycling link at the front of the chain, we should first advocate consumers to classify garbage. Secondly, the flow direction of waste plastics provided by factories and residents should be supervised to ensure that they are recycled by formal enterprises. "A city should also establish a functional ratio corresponding to its economic development level. It should not only be equipped with enough waste recycling stations and waste recycling companies, but also improve its management ability and technical level."

from the perspective of the utilization and regeneration of the back end, reducing the burden on enterprises is the key. Wang Yonggang suggested that the proportion of value-added tax levied and refunded by enterprises engaged in the comprehensive utilization of waste plastics should be increased, and the tax burden of enterprises should be effectively reduced. At the same time, we will explore ways to restore preferential tax policies for waste recycling enterprises, such as exemption from value-added tax and the use of invoices for the purchase of waste materials

at present, the adjustment of "plastic restriction order" has been included in the agenda of relevant departments. At the beginning of this year, the national development and Reform Commission said that it was studying and formulating policy documents to prevent and control plastic waste pollution in accordance with the principle of "limiting one batch, replacing one batch and standardizing one batch"

experts said

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