Most popular Hunan Liuyang Zhangfang town watch Mi

2022-08-12
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Zhangfang Town, Liuyang, Hunan Province, keeps watch on the Millennium papermaking technology

under the scorching sun, there stands a wooden enclosure on an iron pot. He Kangming, 33, climbs the wooden stairs and goes down to the steaming wooden enclosure to check the bamboo silk cooked inside. More than 2000 years ago, Cailun, a native of Hunan Province, made the world's first paper. Now, in Zhangfang Town, Liuyang City, a group of craftsmen still follow the oldest technology, Let the soft and yellow bamboo paper of express bags, which is now known as "degradable", be continuously produced

Huang Guangmeng, director of Shanghong community, who has three generations of papermaking at home, said that it takes half a year to make a piece of paper by hand. Every year, it takes six months to go up the mountain at the end of March or early April. The young bamboo that has not yet branched is cut down and left to rot in place. In January, the bamboo is cut into a 3-meter long section and transported to the foot of the mountain. It is dug and soaked in lime for three months. Then peel the tender bamboo, peel off the hemp shell and hemp silk, cook it, and put it into the cement pool. When making paper, first beat the hemp shell and hemp silk into fiber pulp, then put the fiber pulp in the pool to shake water, use a bamboo curtain to evenly pick up the fiber pulp, remove it, bake it, and a piece of paper is made

the dark yellow earth brick house emits the rotten smell of bamboo pulp. 28 year old Huang genwen is shaking the water. The bamboo curtain should be tilted into the pool at 45 degrees each time. It should be quickly entered into the pool and gently lifted out of the pool. After shaking for several times, the pulp picked up was either thick or thin, and none of them was qualified. Huang genwen said that he could make thousands of paper blanks from 5:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. every day. At 3 p.m., he pressed the paper blank and sent it to the baking room. In the baking room, Zeng Xiangjin's stickers were flying. On the paper dividing table, several stacks of finished paper were placed to check whether there were curvilinear coordinates on one side. It felt thin and smooth, emitting the fragrance of bamboo

the production history of Zhangfang bamboo paper can be traced back to the song and Yuan Dynasties. Once made tribute paper, it sells well in Japan. Papermaking is generally a workshop for one household, with men making bakeries and women baking. It can be done about 1 a day. At the same time, it will seriously affect the function and service life of equipment, 000 pieces of bamboo paper. This paper used to be used for cultural purposes. Due to its strong water permeability, it has been replaced by machine-made paper with strong water absorption capacity. Now bamboo paper can only be used as firecrackers. A few years ago, Liuyang firecracker used a large amount of paper, and the papermaking people could pass it. In the past two years, electronic firecrackers were popular, the use of paper gradually decreased, and bamboo paper began to lag. Sales are not good. No young people are willing to learn this now

I did it this year. I don't know if I can do it next year. Speaking of the future, Huang genwen is a little lonely: I hope your report can help us find a new market, otherwise, in a few years, no one here will make bamboo paper

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